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Black Currant

The black currant is one of the collectible berries in Days Gone that can either be used to make Stamina Cocktails, or turned in at encampment kitchens for 4 trust and 5 camp credits.

The description for black currents in the collectibles menu:

Black Currant is a woody shrub containing berries rich in Vitamin C. The berries can be used for jams and syrups. Both the berries and leaves are known to have been used in herbal medicine.


The Stamina Cocktail is used to restore a portion of Deacon’s Stamina and provide a slow Stamina regeneration for a short period.

Ribes Nigrum
Black Currant

The black currant can grow to be between 5 and seven feet in height. It is a woody deciduous shrub that is native to the temperate parts of central and northern Europe and northern Asia.

The roughly serrated leaves are dark greek on the top, with a paler underside that has yellow glands that secrete an odorous fluid, making all parts of the plant strongly aromatic. The Flowers are grouped on stems up to 3 inches long, each containing anywhere from ten to twenty small flowers.

In the summer dark purple fruit that is nearly black ripens, growing in bunches along the stem of the bush. The plant produces bunches of small, glossy black fruit that are high in Vitamin C along the stems in the summer.

Blackcurrants prefer damp, fertile ground and grow well in forest soils or on sandy or heavy loams. They dislike watterlogged areas and or areas where drought is a problem.

The term Ribes was applied by the Arabian physicians to an acid plant supposed to be a species of Rhubarb, (Rheum ribes,) but Bauhin, who imagined it to be the Gooseberry, denominated that shrub Ribes acidum. The fruit of the Black Currant is sometimes called by the peasantry quinsy berries, on account of its medicinal properties. Currants were originally called corinths from their resemblance to the small dried grapes brought from that city.

History of the medicinal plants of Great Britain
Plate 15, fig. 2
(a) the flower opened to show the stamens; (b) a single stamen and petal ; (c) the germen ; (d) the ripe fruit.

Once popular in the United States, the black currant suffered a serious setback when a federal ban was placed on currant farming in the early 1900’s when it was determined that black currant was a threat to the U.S. logging industy. This was due to the black currant’s susceptibility to carrying, and transferring, Cronartium ribicola, a species of rust fungus in the family Cronartiaceae that causes the disease white pine blister rust.

In 1966 jurisdiction of the federal ban was transfered to the individual states, and in 2003 horticulturist Greg Quinn succeeded in getting the ban lifted in New York. As a result currant growing as made a comeback not only in New York, but also in Vermont, Connecticut, and Oregon.




Resources:
Wikipedia entry on Black Currants
The British flora medica, or, History of the medicinal plants of Great Britain 

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